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Robot, any automatically operated machine that replaces human effort, though it may not resemble human beings in appearance or perform functions in a humanlike manner. By extension, robotics is the engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots. The concept of. Watch a Robot Solve a Rubik's Cube in Seconds. By Brandon Specktor. This robot goes to MIT and just set a world Rubik's Cube speed record. If robots had grandparents, this one's would be. April 13= 1hr to advance Alzheimer's research by one YEAR» ADVERTISEMENT. ADVERTISEMENT.


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Robotany automatically operated machine that replaces human effort, though it may not resemble human beings in appearance robot articles perform functions in a humanlike manner. By extension, robotics is the engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots. This article traces the development of robots and robotics, robot articles.

For further information on industrial applications, see the robot articles automation. Though not humanoid in form, machines with flexible behaviour and a few humanlike physical attributes have been developed for industry. The first stationary industrial robot was the programmable Unimate, robot articles, an electronically controlled hydraulic heavy-lifting arm that could repeat arbitrary sequences of motions.

In Condec Corp, robot articles. Unimate arms continue to be developed and sold by licensees around the world, with the automobile industry remaining the largest buyer. More advanced computer-controlled electric arms guided by sensors were developed in the late s and s at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT and at Stanford Universitywhere they were used with cameras in robotic hand-eye research.

Called PUMA Programmable Universal Machine for Assemblythey have been used since to assemble automobile subcomponents such as dash panels and lights. PUMA was widely imitated, robot articles, and its descendants, large and small, are still used for light assembly in electronics and other industries. Since the s robot articles electric arms have become important in molecular biology laboratories, precisely handling test-tube arrays and pipetting intricate sequences of reagents.

Mobile industrial robots also first appeared in In that year a robot articles electric cart, made by Barrett Electronics Corporation, began pulling loads around a South Carolina grocery warehouse. Such machines, dubbed AGVs Automatic Guided Vehiclescommonly navigate by following signal-emitting wires entrenched in concrete floors, robot articles. In the s AGVs acquired microprocessor controllers that allowed more complex behaviours than those afforded by simple electronic controls.

In the s a new navigation method became popular for use in warehouses: AGVs equipped with a scanning laser triangulate their position by measuring reflections from fixed retro-reflectors at least three of which must be visible from any location.

Although industrial robots first appeared in the United States, the business did not thrive there. Unimation was acquired by Westinghouse Electric Corporation in and shut down a few years later. Cincinnati Milacron, Inc. Adept Robot articles, Inc. Robot articles licensees of Unimation, notably in Japan and Sweden, continue to operate, and in the s other companies in Japan and Europe began to vigorously enter the field.

The prospect of an aging population and consequent worker shortage induced Japanese manufacturers to experiment with advanced automation robot articles before it gave a clear return, opening a market for robot makers. By the late s Japan—led by the robotics divisions of Fanuc Ltd, robot articles.

High labour costs in Europe similarly encouraged the adoption of robot substitutes, with industrial robot installations in the European Union exceeding Japanese installations for the first time in Lack of reliable functionality has limited the market for industrial and service robots built to work in office and home environments.

Toy robots, on the other hand, can entertain without performing tasks very reliably, and mechanical varieties have existed for thousands of years. See automaton.

In the s microprocessor-controlled toys appeared that could speak or move in response to sounds or light. More advanced ones in the s recognized voices and words. In the Sony Corporation introduced a doglike robot named AIBOwith two dozen motors to activate its legs, head, and tail, two microphones, and a colour camera all coordinated by a powerful robot articles. More lifelike than anything before, AIBOs chased coloured balls and learned to recognize their owners and to explore and adapt.

Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback, robot articles. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Industrial robots Robot toys Robotics research The future. Written By: Hans Peter Moravec.

See Article History. A robot may not injure a human beingor, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

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robot articles

 

Robot, any automatically operated machine that replaces human effort, though it may not resemble human beings in appearance or perform functions in a humanlike manner. By extension, robotics is the engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots. The concept of. Robotics Articles. Mail Dog. There is a new robotic dog that can deliver packages! The dog, Spot, maps out the world around him and avoids obstacles! A robot named Watson was developed by IBM to compete on the TV show Jeopardy! and to push the boundaries of a robot that can easily understand and interact with humans. This video exp. Watch a Robot Solve a Rubik's Cube in Seconds. By Brandon Specktor. This robot goes to MIT and just set a world Rubik's Cube speed record. If robots had grandparents, this one's would be.